Pinus nigra subsp. nigra / Austrian pine

Pinus nigra subsp. nigra is the typical subspecies of Austrian pine. For a full description, please click this link.

Distribution. This subspecies is native to Europe — Austria, Romania, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Macedonia, Albania and Bulgaria; where one can find it growing at low to moderate elevations of 650 to 5,000 feet (200 - 1,200 m) above sea level in
southeast European continental climates with some summer rainfall. It intergrades with var. caramanica in the southern limits of its range.

Pinus nigra subsp. nigra — a 1996 accession at the New York Botanical Garden, The Bronx, NY (USDA Hardiness Zone 7a); photo from 2020.
Photo by Katherine Wagner-Reiss
Pinus nigra subsp. nigra — a closeup of foliage detail.
Photo by Katherine Wagner-Reiss