Pinus sylvestris 'Watereri' / Waterer's Scots pine

Pinus sylvestris 'Watereri' is a small, upright, slow growing, broadly conical selection of Scots pine with thick, fleshy, stiff, blue-gray needles. After 10 years of growth, a mature specimen will measure 6 feet (2 m) tall and wide, an annual growth rate of 6 to 8 inches (15 - 20 cm).

This cultivar originated as a unique small tree, found in the early 1860s, on Horsell Common, Surrey, United Kingdom. Anthony Waterer Sr. (1745 - 1827), founder of Knap Hill Nursery, assumed the naming rights for this conifer. It is reported that the original tree still exists on the grounds of Knap Hill Nursery, Woking, Surrey, UK.

Ludwig Beissner first formally described this conifer in 1891 in Handbuch der Nadelhölzekunde. Welch and Haddow in The World Checklist of Conifers mentions the superfluous synonyms, 'Watereriana', 'Nana', and 'Pumila'.

Pinus sylvestris 'Watereri' an old plant on the grounds of a nursery in the United Kingdom.
Photo by Van den Berk Nursery, UK
Pinus sylvestris 'Watereri' — a young plant in a private garden in Petaluma, California.
Photo by Sara Malone
Pinus sylvestris 'Watereri' — a closeup of foliage detail.
Photo by Sara Malone
Pinus sylvestris 'Watereri' — a 1967 accession at the Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USDA Zone 7a); photo from 2020.
Photo by Katherine Wagner-Reiss


Brian Bodenbach9

Looking for a source for this plant in the Pacific northwest.

Web Editor

Brian I got one at a retail nursery here in Sonoma County that I believe came from Iseli. You might see if your local retailers can order from them.

Maxwell Cohn

Hi Brian ... I live in the Pacific NW and can report that I've never seen this plant for sale anywhere. However, if you're aware of a plant that exists somewhere and can get cuttings, I can point you toward some really good grafters who could make one for you.

Brian Bodenbach

Thanks for the replies!
David I know of one that am quite certain is Wateri due to its size and branching habit. Others I see around the Seattle area may be old speciman's of P. s. 'Nana'. I would be very interested in linking with someone who can graft it - I can obtain cuttings.

- Brian

Maxwell Cohn

Brian, my favorite grafters right now are Pauli at Crowfoot Nursery, and Norm at Arbutus. You'd have to contact them yourself to discuss terms.

Sara Malone

Brian if you join the ACS you will have access to both of those grafters and a leg up on getting them to help you!