Pinus parviflora 'Fuku zu mi' / Fuku zu mi Japanese white pine

Devizes, Wilts, U. K. the home of Humphrey Welch's nurseryPinus parviflora 'Fuku zu mi' is a dwarf spreading to upright selection of Japanese white pine with recurved, blue-green twisted needles. After 10 years of growth, depending and how a plant is pruned and shaped, a mature specimen will measure 12 inches (30 cm) tall and 30 inches (75 cm) wide, an annual growth rate of 1 to 3 inches (2.5 - 7.5 cm).

This cultivar originated long ago in Japan. Its use in bonsai culture is well-documented over the centuries. It's known as a yatsabusa selection due to its heavy bud set which is highly prized by bonsai artists. The first plants in the western nursery trade were thought to have been imported to the United Kingdom from Japan in the 1970s by Wansdyke Nursery, Devizes, Wilts, UK, the home of Humphrey Welch's nursery. Bill Valvanis introduced it to American enthusiasts though his various bonsai media channels.

Pinus parviflora 'Fuku zu mi' — a choice pine with twisted needles. This wide-spreading plant is somewhat variable in shape but always attractive, lending itself to a number of landscape uses.
Photo by Iseli Nursery, Inc.
Pinus parviflora 'Fuku zu mi' — a 2005 accession at the New York Botanical Garden, The Bronx, New York (USDA Hardiness Zone 7a); photo from 2020.
Photo by Katherine Wagner-Reiss
Pinus parviflora 'Fuku zu mi' in the Harper Collection of Dwarf & Rare Conifers at Hidden Lake Gardens, Tipton, Michigan; photo from August 2005.
Photo by Dax Herbst