Pinus parviflora 'Fukai' / Fukai Japanese white pine

Pinus parviflora 'Fukai' is a intermediate growing, broadly upright selection of Japanese white pine with strong creamy-gold banding on new growth that slowly fades to typical green in the fall and into winter. For majority of the year, it makes a striking statement in the larger landscape, and through diligent candle pruning, can be kept in bounds for the smaller garden.

Typical rate of growth in most areas is 6 to 8 inches (15 - 20 cm) annually, resulting in a broad, but fairly small tree 5 feet (1.6 m) tall and nearly as wide after 10 years of growth.

This cultivar originated as a seedling selected in 1975 by Tage Lundell, Helsingborg, Sweden. There is a very similar cultivar in the trade listed as, 'Fukai Seedling' which is believed by many to be the same plant, perhaps a provisional name. In the Japanese language, 深い (fukai) translates into "deep or profound." It is unsure whether this was the intent.

Shows variegation on spring growth fades to normal green by mid summer.
Photo by Don Levesque
Pinus parviflora 'Fukai'
Photo by Dennis Hermsen
Pinus parviflora "Fukai' in northwestern Pennsylvania, USDA Zone 5b. Detail of foliage, new growth. Grows 5-10 inches per year.
Photo by William Dunagin