Pinus banksiana 'Chippewa' / Chippewa Jack pine

Pinus banksiana 'Chippewa' is an irregular, low, bushy dwarf selection of Jack pine with short, bright-green foliage that forms a low cushion of short needled, upward facing shoots. After 10 years of growth, a mature specimen will stand 12 inches (30 cm) tall and twice as wide, suggesting a rate of growth of an inch (2.5 cm) or less per year.

This cultivar originated as one of four seedlings selected in 1979 by Humphey Welch and Al Fordham from a seedling lot at the Arnold Arboretum, Boston, Massachusetts. They were all named for native American tribes, 'Manomet,' 'Neponset' and 'Wisconsin' being the other three.

Pinus banksiana 'Chippewa'
Photo by Bill Barger
Pinus banksiana 'Chippewa' — a closeup of foliage detail.
Photo by Bill Barger
Pinus banksiana 'Chippewa' at Hidden Lake Gardens, Tipton, Michigan, 2016.
Photo by William Dunagin