Picea abies 'Tabuliformis' / Table-top Norway spruce

Picea abies 'Tabuliformis' is a widely spreading selection of Norway spruce that starts out as a rather flat mat, later mounding up as the layered branches begin stacking up. Finally, an old specimen will be rather broadly globose, but still maintained layered, flattened growth in the branches. Needles are fairly short and dark-green in color. After 10 years of growth, a mature specimen will measure 3 feet (1 m) tall and 6 feet (2 m) broad, an average growth rate of 6 to 8 inches (15 - 20 cm).

This cultivar orginated as a witch's broom found in the mid-1800s in Trianon Park in Versailles, France. French botanist, Élie-Abel Carrière formally described it in 1867 in Traité Général des Conifères. In the Latin language, "Tabuliformis" loosely translates into "table-top."

Picea abies 'Tabuliformis' in Chicago Botanical Garden, 1999.
Photo by Ken Church
Picea abies 'Tabuliformis' in the Gotelli Collection at the U.S. National Arboretum, Washington, D.C., May 2006.
Photo by Dax Herbst
Picea abies 'Tabuliformis' — Green Industry Images, copyrighted photograph. "Mounds with age..." Obrizok A Garden of Conifers Introduction and Selection Guide (1999); Firefly Books Ltd. ISBN: 0913643084
Photo by Ernie Wiegand