Picea abies 'Pumila' / Dwarf Norway spruce

Picea abies 'Pumila' is an attractive and popular dwarf selection of Norway spruce with widely spreading dense branching and bright, grass-green needles. Upper branches tend to direct themselves upward forming a mound or central cone with age. After 10 years of growth, a mature specimen will measure 18 inches (45 cm) high and 4 feet (1.3 m) wide, an annual growth rate of 3 to 5 inches (7.5 - 12.5 cm), significantly more outward than up.

'Pumila' is an old standby in the nursery trade, seen in cultivation since the mid 1800s. R. Smith of the United Kingdom first described it in botanical literature in 1874.

Picea abies 'Pumila' — a photo record donated by Richard and Susan Eyre. Woodstock, Illinois.
Photo by Richard Eyre, Rich's Foxwillow Pines
Picea abies 'Pumila' — a closeup of foliage detail.
Photo by Bill Barger
Picea abies 'Pumila' in a private garden in Kansas, October 2006.
Photo by David Stegmaier