Picea abies 'Ellwangeriana' / Ellwanger's Norway spruce

Picea abies 'Ellwangeriana' is a dwarf selection of Norway spruce with a broad, dense, vigorous growth habit. Even though it grows with ascending branches, the plant does not develop a central leader. Its annual growth very thick and stiff with distinct leaf cushions and distinctive orange-brown buds. After 10 years of growth, a mature specimen will measure 1.5 to 2 feet (50 - 60 cm) tall and wide, an annual growth rate of 2 to 3 inches (5 - 7.5 cm).

This cultivar originated as a unique seedling found in Highland Park, New York, selected in the 1890s, and introduced to the nursery trade by Ellwanger and Barry Nursery, Rochester, New York. It was named for the co-owner, George Ellwanger. Refer to Picea abies 'Barryi' to learn about the spruce named in Patrick Barry's honor.

This picture was taken during the ACS tour in Michigan in 2000. I do not recall the location.
Photo by Ken Church
Picea abies 'Ellwangeriana' — a 60-year-old tree at John Vermuelen & Son Nursery, Branchburg, New Jersey.
Photo by Larry Nau
Picea abies 'Ellwangeriana' — a closeup of foliage detail.
Photo by Larry Nau