Larix decidua var. carpatica / Carpathian larch

Larix decidua var. carpatica, first described in 1930 by Karel Domin (1882–1953), is commonly known as Carpathian larch. It is a specific variety of European larch that differs from the typical variety in the following ways.

  • Seed cones are larger at 1 to 1.8 inches (2.5 - 4.5 cm) long and 0.6 to 1.2 inches (1.5 - 3 cm) wide with rounded seed scales that are usually notched at the upper margin.
Distribution. This variety is native to the Carpathian mountains of eastern Europe as well as eastern Ukraine. The original botanical material for study was collected in Slovakia at 49.12ºN, 20.07ºE at an elevation of 4,736 (1,480 m) above sea level growing with Picea abies and Pinus mugo on granitic soil.

Attribution from: Farjon, Aljos. 1990. Pinaceae: drawings and descriptions of the genera Abies, Cedrus, Pseudolarix, Keteleeria, Nothotsuga, Tsuga, Cathaya, Pseudotsuga, Larix and Picea. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Larix decidua var. carpatica — specimens in nature displaying fall colors.
Photo by Global Diversity Information Facility