Abies vejarii / Vejar's fir

Abies vejarii, as described in 1942 by Maximino Martínez (1888–1964), is commonly known as Vejar's fir or as Abeto de Vejar in the Spanish language.

Description. Vejar's fir is an evergreen coniferous species of tree which will grow to mature heights of 110 to 130 feet (35 – 40 m) tall.

  • The leaves are needle-like, moderately flattened, 0.4 to 1 inch (1 – 2.5 cm) long and 0.05 to 0.08 inch (1.3 – 2 mm) wide by 0.04 inch (1 mm) thick, colored gray-green with scattered stomata above, and with two greenish-white bands of stomata below. The tip of the leaf is acutely pointed.
  • The seed cones are glaucous purple, maturing gray-brown, measuring 2.4 to 6 inches (6 – 15 cm) long and 1.6 to 2.4 inches (4 – 6 cm) broad, with about 150 to 200 scales, each scale with a bract of which the apical 0.12 to 0.32 inch (3 – 8 mm) is exserted on the closed cone, and two winged seeds. The seed cones disintegrate when mature to release the seeds.
Geographic map of Mexico.
Geographic map of Mexico.

Distribution. This species is native to Mexico — southeastern Coahuila to Nuevo León and western Tamaulipas, in two disjunct areas in the northern part of the Sierra Madre Oriental of northern Mexico. It is found in high mountains at elevations of 6,400 to 10,500 feet (2,000 - 3,300 m) above sea level where the climate is cool, with dry summers and wet winters.

Attribution from: Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

Abies vejarii at Sierra de La Marta, above Rancho Los Oyameles at 10,040 feet (3137 m) elevation.
Photo by © 2014 DS Gernandt
a specimen of Abies vejarii about 10 m tall, growing in habitat on Cerro Potosí, Mexico.
Photo by © Chris Earle, via conifers.org 2007
Sun foliage of Abie vejarii from the Sierra La Marta, Coahuila, Mexico.
Photo by Jeff Bisbee ©2014
Bark detail on a 5.2 inch (13 cm) diameter speciemen of Abies vejarii
Photo by Chris Earle ©2007