Abies recurvata var. ernestii, as described in 1984 by (Rehder) Chung Tian Kuan, in Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, vol.41, no.3, is commonly known as Wilson fir; as well as 黄国冷山 (Huáng guó lěng shān) or 原变种 (Yuán biànzhǒng) in the Chinese language.
Description. Wilson fir is an evergreen coniferous specific variety of tree that differs from the type species in the following ways:
longer needles, up to 1.4 inches (35 mm) long that are slightly less recurved.
shoots are slightly pubescent
seed cones are more cylindrical those those seen on Abies recurvata var. recurvata.
Distribution. This variety is native to China — southwest Gansu, north and west Sichuan, northwest Yunnan and southeast Xizang provinces (Tibet).