Abies recurvata var. ernestii / Wilson fir

Abies recurvata var. ernestii, as described in 1984 by (Rehder) Chung Tian Kuan, in Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, vol.41, no.3, is commonly known as Wilson fir; as well as 黄国冷山 (Huáng guó lěng shān) or 原变种 (Yuán biànzhǒng) in the Chinese language.

Description. Wilson fir is an evergreen coniferous specific variety of tree that differs from the type species in the following ways:

  • longer needles, up to 1.4 inches (35 mm) long that are slightly less recurved.
  • shoots are slightly pubescent
  • seed cones are more cylindrical those those seen on Abies recurvata var. recurvata.

Distribution. This variety is native to China — southwest Gansu, north and west Sichuan, northwest Yunnan and southeast Xizang provinces (Tibet).

Attribution from: Aris Auders and Derek Spicer; RHS Encyclopedia of Conifers; ©2012, Kingsblue Press.

Abies recurvata var. ernestii — a specimen in Cornell University's arboretum.
Photo by Evan Reed
Abies recurvata var. ernestii — a specimen in Cornell University's arboretum.
Photo by Evan Reed
Abies recurvata var. ernestii — a young specimen in Dawes Arboretum, Newark, Ohio.
Photo by Bill Barger
Abies recurvata var. ernestii — a closeup of the treetop. With spent seed cone stalks (radix).
Photo by Evan Reed
Abies recurvata var. ernestii — a closeup of immature seed cones.
Photo by John Fertig
Abies recurvata var. ernestii — two very large green spiked purple seed cones
Photo by John Fertig
Abies recurvata var. ernestii — a closeup of foliage detail.
Photo by Evan Reed
Abies recurvata var. ernestii — a closeup of foliage detail.
Photo by Evan Reed
Abies recurvata var. ernestii — a closeup of foliage detail.
Photo by Bill Barger
Abies recurvata var. ernestii — foliage and foliar buds.
Photo by Evan Reed
Abies recuvata var. ernestii — broken seed scales and seeds.
Photo by Evan Reed
Abies recurvata var. ernestii —NO LEADER?!? Have had in my garden for four years and is doing quite well on it's protected facing east location.
Photo by John Fertig

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