Abies pindrow / west Himalayan fir

Abies pindrow, as described in 1836 by (Royle ex D. Don) John Forbes Royle (1798–1858) in Illustrations of the Botany of the Himalayan Mountains, is commonly known as west Himalayan fir; as well as Pindrow fir and पिन्द्रू (Pindrau) in Hindi. It is synonymous with A. webbiana var. pindrow (Brandis). The species name refers to one its common names, Pindrau, which refers to the Pindrau Hills in this conifer's native range.

<em>Abies pindrow </em> Royle | Die Coniferen t.XXIV/1840-42 | BHL. Fig. ii on the right.
Abies pindrow Royle | Die Coniferen t.XXIV/1840-42 | BHL. Fig. ii on the right.

Description. West Himalayan fir is an evergreen coniferous species of tree which grows to mature heights of 180 feet (60 m) tall, with a trunk up to 7.5 feet (2.4 m) in diameter, measured at breast height.

  • The tree's crown is narrow and conical with short branches.
  • Bark on young trees is smooth and gray, becoming thick, gray-brown and furrowed with age.
  • Shoots are grayish-pink to buff-brown in color; and are smooth and glabrous (hairless).
  • Foliar buds are globose, large, and resinous.
  • Needles on the upper side of the shoot are radially arranged, on the lower side spiny, measuring1.2 to 2.5 inches (3 - 6 cm) long and 0.06 to 0.08 inch (1.5 - 2 mm) wide, bifid (only acute when young), colored glossy dark-green, with 2 gray stomata bands on the lower surfaces.
  • Seed cones are cylindrically shaped, each measuring 4 to 7 inches (10 - 18 cm) long by 2.5 to 2.8 inches (6 - 7 cm) thick, deep purple when young, later turning brown.
  • Seed scales are about 1.2 inches (3 cm) wide with concealed bract scales.
  • Seeds measure 0.4 to 0.5 inch (1 - 1.2 cm) long with attached wing twice the length of the seed.

Distribution. This species is native to the Himalayan mountain range, throughout the western Himalaya from Afghanistan to Nepal, found growing at elevations between 6,500 and 9,600 feet (2,000 - 3,000 m) above sea level.

Hardy to UDSA Zone 8 — cold hardiness limit between 10° and 20°F (-12.1° and -6.7°C).

Attribution from: Chris Earle, The Gymnosperm Database, ©2012

Abies pindrow — a closeup of foliage and seed cones.
Photo by Tom Cox
Young Abies pindrow, Manali, Himachal Pradesh, NW India.
Photo by Vyacheslav Argenberg via Wikipedia
Abies pindrow — a young specimen at Cox Arboretum, Canton, Georgia.
Photo by Tom Cox
Abies pindrow — a closeup of buds.
Photo by Tom Cox
Abies pindrow — a closeup of needles.
Photo by Tom Cox


Xander Simpson

Could you add the tree "spread"? I am doing a project for red pandas, but the habitat needs trees so I picked the tree that native to their wild habitat but I need dimensions so I can put it into my project.
Thank you for reading this and have a great day!


Maxwell Cohn

width is impossible to say. There's way too much variation in seedlings. In pindrow, I've personally seen width = half, 3-thirds, or 1-quarter the height of the tree.