Abies balsamea 'Bear Swamp' / Bear Swamp balsam fir

Abies balsamea 'Bear Swamp' is a dense, squat globose selection of balsam fir which will assume more of an upright conical form with age. It is distinctive and desirable through short, dark-green needles. This plant is a true dwarf; at maturity, a specimen will be around 1 foot (30 cm) tall and wide after 10 years, a growth rate of about 1 inch (2.5 cm) per year.

This cultivar originated as a witch's broom found by Greg Williams of Wolcott, Vermont in a place called Bear Swamp near Rowe, Massachusetts. According to Mr. Williams, it resembles 'Wolcott Pond', another of his balsam fir selections.

Abies balsamea 'Bear Swamp' transitioning from globose to dwarf conical shape.
Photo by Bill Barger
Abies balsamea 'Bear Swamp' in a nursery display garden in The Netherlands.
Photo by Henk van Kempen