Abies alba 'Tortuosa' / Tortured European silver fir

Abies alba 'Tortuosa' is a bushy, dwarf form of European silver fir with an irregular, monstrous growth habit; twisted, compact, ascending branches; and irregularly arranged, short needles measuring only 0.44 to 0.76 inches (11 - 19 mm) long and bright green. Typical rate of growth is 6 to 12 inches (15 - 30 cm) per year resulting in a mature plant measuring 10 feet (3 m) tall and somewhat less wide after 10 years in the landscape. It is said to perform best in partial shade.

This cultivar originated as a seedling selected around 1835 by J. Booth & Sons, Flottbeck Nurseries, Hamburg, Germany.

Attribution from: Aris Auders and Derek Spicer; RHS Encyclopedia of Conifers; ©2012 Kingsblue Press

Abies alba 'Tortuosa' — a mature specimen in a large arboretum setting.
Photo by Bill Barger
Abies alba 'Tortuosa' — a closeup of foliage detail.
Photo by Bill Barger