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Abies pindrow

(West Himalayan fir)

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Abies pindrow, first described by (Royle ex D. Don) Royle in 1836, is commonly known as West Himalayan fir. It is synonymous with A. webbiana  var. pindrow  (Brandis).

Abies pindrow  Royle | Die Coniferen t.XXIV/1840-42 | BHL.  Fig. ii on the right.
Abies pindrow Royle | Die Coniferen t.XXIV/1840-42 | BHL. Fig. ii on the right.

Description. West Himalyan fir is an evergreen coniferous tree which grows up to 180 feet (60 m) tall with a diameter of 7.5 feet (2.4 m). The bark on young trees is smooth and gray, becoming thick, gray-brown and furrowed with age. The tree’s crown is narrow and conical, branches short.  Shoots are globose, yellow-gray and glabrous. Buds are globose, large, and resinous. Needles on the upper side of the shoot are radially arranged, on the lower side spiny and 1.2 to 2.5 inches (3 – 6 cm) long and 0.06 to 0.08 inch (1.5 – 2 mm) wide, bifid (only acute when young), dark green, glossy, with 2 gray stomata bands on the lower surface. Seed cones are cylindrical, 4 to 7 inches (10 – 18 cm) long by 2.5 to 2.8 inches (6 – 7 cm) thick, deep purple when young, later turning brown. Seed scales are about 1.2 inches (3 cm) wide with concealed  bract scales. Seed is 0.4 to 0.5 inch (1 – 1.2 cm) long with attached wing twice the length of the seed.

abPin range
natural range of Abies pindrow

Distribution. This species is native to the Himalayan mountain range, throughout the western Himalaya from Afghanistan to Nepal, at elevations between 6,500 and 9,600 feet (2,000 – 3,000 m).

Attributed from: Chris Earle, The Gymnosperm Database, ©2012

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